20 YEAR OLD MAN WHO WAS ‘RAPED’ BY FEMALE RAPISTS ARRESTEDThe 20-year-old man, who made headlines after reporting to the police that he had been raped by women, has been convicted of making a false report.

Munashe Mazhingi was arrested and convicted in Kariba after making another false report of armed robbery and rape.

The young man was reported by the ZBC News alleging that he was raped and robbed by women in Ngundu on his way from South Africa.

Police spokesperson, Senior Assistant Commissioner Charity Charamba said Mazhingi filed reports of aggravated indecent assault at various police stations that include Chivi, Chiredzi, Karoi and Kariba and his arrest is expected to clear all these cases which had caused alarm and despondence in the country.

It has since been established that Mazhingi come from Ringa village under Chief Zimunya in Manicaland province.

He is alleged to have confessed to the police that he filed the false reports in order to get sympathy from people who would then give him money and food.

Mazhingi was arrested in Kariba after making another false report and it has been established that he was using different names to make the police report.

In some police stations, he identified himself as Tapiwa Sibanda, Tawadza Nelson Pedzisayi, Collen Chumasi and Tawanda Mlambo Dhliwayo.

Cases of males reporting aggravated indecent assaults against women has been a concern among Zimbabweans as the law does not recognise women as potential rapists.





Was Shakespeare gay? Row breaks out between experts on playwright over whether lines from the sonnets reveal his sexuality

A new debate has broken out between some of the world’s top Shakespeare experts over whether the playwright’s sonnets prove he was attracted to men.

Sir Brian Vickers, a visiting professor at University College London, began the row by condemning a book review which suggested Sonnet 116 appears in a ‘primarily homosexual context’.

In a letter to the Times Literary Supplement, he said the claim was ‘anachronistic’ because scholars now accept there were forms of rhetoric that allowed men to express love without implying sexual attraction.

He also said that any attempt to find biographical information in the sonnets was doomed because Shakespeare was a professional who wrote under the identity of a ‘poet-persona’.

Fellow academics have since hit back at Mr Vickers’ comments, accusing him of promoting ‘one of the great fallacies of modern Shakespeare criticism’.

Scholar Arthur Freeman, who described himself as a ‘friendly acquaintance’ of Mr Vickers when responding to him via the letters page, accused him of introducing ‘presuppositions that many of us would question, if not reject out of hand’.

He wrote: ‘I cannot think of any responsible editor … who would dismiss the premise of homosexual, as well as heterosexual passion pervading [the sonnets].

‘Why should Shakespeare alone be thought so committed to the “negative capability” of his dramatic craft that all his most personal writings are treated as potentially artificial?

‘And even if we insist on regarding the sonnets, wholly or in part, as a kind of long-term dramatic narrative … why on earth would Shakespeare choose so often to impersonate a pathetically ageing, balding, lame and vulnerable bisexual suitor, abjectly whingeing about rejection and betrayal — unless the self-humiliation that surfaces again and again through these particulars were both genuine and cathartic?’

Another academic, who wrote under the name Professor Wells, also responded to the letter, pointing out that Shakespeare used at least one sonnet to woo Anne Hathaway.

He said: ‘When a poet whose name is William writes poems of anguished and unabashed sexual frankness which pun on the word “will” — 13 times in [Sonnet] No 135 … it is not unreasonable to conclude that he may be writing from the depths of his own experience.’

Let me not to the marriage of true minds

Admit impediments. Love is not love

Which alters when it alteration finds,

Or bends with the remover to remove:

O no; it is an ever-fixed mark,

That looks on tempests, and is never shaken;

It is the star to every wandering bark,

Whose worth’s unknown, although his height be taken.

Love’s not Time’s fool, though rosy lips and cheeks

Within his bending sickle’s compass come;

Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks,

But bears it out even to the edge of doom.

If this be error and upon me proved,

I never writ, nor no man ever loved.

Mr Vickers responded by saying he could not stop people from speculating, adding: ‘Thought is free.

‘But if you fix these codes and then say that his 126 poems are like this, then people stop reading them as poems. They read them as biographical documents, looking for imputed sexuality.’

He said there was ‘no bad blood’ but has written a second letter in which he claims Professor Wells has too much insight into Shakespeare’s motives.

‘Such figments of the critic’s imagination not only produce quantities of waste paper but … are inimical to the proper reading of poetry,’ he said.

The row is the latest debate over the sexuality of the playwright.

The first edition of his sonnets were dedicated to a ‘Mr W H’, whose identity has never been proven – leading to claims it could have been a male lover.

The most likely candidates were often thought to have been his friends Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton, or William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke.

Oscar Wilde explored a different theory, writing a fictional 1889 story about whether it could be a cross-dressing boy actor called Willie Hughes – and the same person as the ‘fair youth’ of the sonnets.

That could also help explain punning references to the name ‘Will’, it was claimed.

Although there are few references to anything other than noble love, some sonnets appear more explicit than others.

Sonnet 20 is largely interpreted as being dedicated to a man, declaring: ‘A woman’s face with nature’s own hand painted / Hast thou, the master mistress of my passion.’

In 2012, Shakespearean actor Sir Ian McKellen boldly announced that there was absolutely ‘no doubt’ the bard was bisexual. McKellen said Shakespeare’s Merchant of Venice  referenced homosexuality

The Lord of the Rings star said he was adamant Shakespeare preferred sex with men even though he was married with children.

The 75-year-old acclaimed thespian said he came to his conclusion after studying the English poet’s work.

At the time, he said: ‘I’d say Shakespeare slept with men.

‘The Merchant of Venice, centering on how the world treats gays as well as Jews, has a love triangle between an older man, younger man and a woman.

‘And the complexity in his comedies with cross-dressing and disguises is immense.

‘Shakespeare obviously enjoyed sex with men as well as women.’

It is widely accepted that Shakespeare married 26-year-old Anne Hathaway when he was 18.

Six months after the marriage, Anne gave birth to a daughter, Susanna, who was baptised on May 26, 1583.

Twins, son Hamnet and daughter Judith, followed almost two years later and were baptised on February 2, 1585.


Oscar Wilde called gay attraction ‘the love that dare not speak its name’, and that’s one of the reasons why it has sparked so many debates – it just isn’t written down.

Instead of the modern references to same-sex love found in everything from poems to EastEnders, authors danced around the subject and rarely made their intentions clear.

Even in the early 1900s gay authors such as E M Forster and Christopher Isherwood censored themselves, only releasing full accounts towards the end of their lives – and in the case of Forster’s Maurice, after they were dead.

Renaissance England is more complicated. Society 500 years ago had more fluid ideas about gender, with cross-dressing actors and a more lavish, flamboyant dress sense for men.

That makes it more difficult for scholars to work out whether authors were talking about sexual attraction, or just love between friends.

Christopher Marlowe’s 1593 play about Edward II examined the king’s relationship with his ‘favourite’ Piers Gaveston, never spelling out long-held rumours that the pair went further than friendship.

But there are strong hints as his wife Isabella proclaims: ‘He’ll ever dote on Gaveston; And so am I for ever miserable.’

And the king is killed with a red-hot poker, which Medieval writers later claimed was inserted into his anus as an act of retribution.

Renaissance authors were also reliant on Greek texts, which had very different ideas about gay sex than those which are discussed today.

Sex between older and younger men – ‘pederasty’ – was common in Ancient Greece, but homosexuality was not seen as a permanent state of mind.

Instead it was seen as a temporary relationship, of a different type to that between a man and a woman, which came to an end when the younger man matured and went out to find a wife.
Read more:

The Times Literary Supplement | TLS

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2851355/Was-Shakespeare-gay-Row-breaks-experts-playwright-lines-sonnets-reveal-sexuality.html#ixzz3KVeAKA7o






2.Schools will start preparing  their  SS1 and SS2 students for 2016  from this term using the scheme below while using scheme and texts above with SS3 for MAY/JUNE 2015

3.Any SS2 student hoping to take Literature in GCE of Oct/Nov 2015 will be tested using the above schemes and texts.Maybe it is advisable exclude Literature since teachers’ attention would have shifted by then to the scheme below


SCHEME OF EXAMINATIONS FOR 2016-2020 (to be taught to ss1 and ss2 from 2014/2015)

 LATEST 2014/2015 WAEC/GCE LITERATURE SCHEME/SYLLABUS AS REQUESTEDThere will be three papers – Papers 1, 2 and 3. Papers 1 and 2 will a composite paper and will be taken at one sitting.
Paper 1 will be a multiple choice objective test. It will contain fifty questions distributed as follows:
(a) Twenty questions on General Knowledge of Literature;
(b) Five questions on an unseen prose passage;
(c) Five questions on an unseen poem;
(d) Twenty context questions on the prescribed Shakespearean text.
Candidates will be required to answer all the questions within 1 hour for 50 marks.
Paper 2 will be an essay test with two sections, Sections A and B. Section A will be on African Prose and Section B on Non-African Prose.
Two essay questions will be set oneach of the novels prescribed for study. Candidates shall be required to answeronequestion only from eachsection within 1 hour 15 minutes for 50 marks.
Paper 3 will be on the Drama and Poetry components of the syllabus. It will be put into four sections, Sections A, B. C and D as follows:
Section A: African Drama
Section B: Non-African Drama
Section C: African Poetry
Section D: Non-African Poetry
There shall be two questions on each of the prescribed drama texts for Sections A and B. There shall also be two questions for each of the poetry sections ie Sections C and D.
Candidates shall be required to answer one question from each of the sections, making a total of four questions. The paper will take 2 hours 30 minutes to complete and will carry 100 marks.


(i) The Unseen Prose passage for Paper 1 shall be about 120 – 150 words long.
(ii) Only context questions shall be set on the Shakespearean text. The context questions will test such items as theme, characterization, style and setting in the Shakespearean text.

(iii) No essay question shall be set on the Shakespearean text.

SET TEXTS FOR 2016 – 2020

African Prose

(1) AmmaDarko – Faceless
(2) BayoAdebowale – Lonely Days

Non-African Prose

(1) Richard Wright – Native Son
(2) Patience Swift – The Last Goodman

*William Shakespeare:OTHELLO

Non-African Drama

(1) Oliver Goldsmith – She Stoops to conquer
(2) Lorraine Hansberry – A Raisin in the Sun

African Drama

(1) Frank Ogodo Ogbeche – Harvest of Corruption
(2) Dele Charley – The Blood of a Stranger

African Poetry

(1) Birago Drop – Vanity
(2) GbemisolaAdeoti – Ambush
(3) Gabriel Okara – Piano and Drums
(4) Gbanabam Hallowell – The Dinning Table
(5) Lenrie Peter – The Panic of Growing Older
(6) Kofi Awoonor – The Anvil and the Hammer

Non-African Poetry

(1) Alfred Tennyson – Crossing the Bar
(2) George Herbert – The pulley
(3) William Blake – The School Boy
(4) William Morris – The Proud King
(5) Robert Frost Birches – Birches
(6) William Shakespeare – Shall I compare thee to a Summer’s Day?